Home Contribution Special Contribution Introduction: The Scheduled Tribes of Manipur

Introduction: The Scheduled Tribes of Manipur


By Hrishikesh Angom

=> Manipur is situated in the northeastern frontier of India bordering Myanmar. The state covers a maximum area of land surface measuring 22,356 sq. km. The area stretches between longitude 93.2° East and 94.47° East, and between latitudes 23.50° North and 24.41° North.

=>Manipur is homeland for many groups of people having diverse culture. Around two-thirds of the total land surface of Manipur is hill areas. These hill areas are inhabited by 33 specified tribes for the purpose of the Constitution of India as the Scheduled Tribes of Manipur. The Northern part of the state is populated by the Nagas whereas the Southern part of the state is populated by people originated from the Chin State, the erswhile Chin Hills and different areas of Myanmar. The Meitei, the Meitei Pangal (Manipuri Muslim) and the Scheduled Castes population represent the valley population of the state.

=>Manipur has a rich cultural heritage in the field of ethnological objects and finds expression in the varied antique ethnological objects found here. The tribes of Manipur are distinct from one another in several ways, have a sense of artistic touch in so many ways and the tribal folk art today has a place of its own as an important aspect of the state’s material and cultural heritage.

=> Manipur is often regarded as “Miniature India” for its diverse culture and traditions, and the people of the state have been living in harmony and peaceful coexistence with one another since time immemorial.
=> As per the Census of 2001, the total population of Manipur is 23, 93, 084 (23 lakhs 93 thousands and 84) and the tribal population is 9, 56, 217 (9 lakhs 56 thousands and 217) which is about 40 percent of the total population of the state. The tribal population of Senapati district is 2, 83, 621 (2 lakhs 83 thousand and 621), Ukhrul district is 1, 40, 778 (1 lakh 40 thousands and 778), Tamenglong district is 1, 11, 499 (1 lakh 11 thousands and 499), Churachandpur district is 2, 27, 905 (2 lakhs 27 thousands and 905) and Chandel district is 1, 18, 327 (1 lakh 18 thousand and 327).

=>The 33 scheduled tribes of Manipur are : (1) Aimol, (2) Anal, (3) Angami, (4) Chiru, (5) Chothe, (6) Gangte, (7) Hmar, (8) Kabui, (9) Kacha Naga, (10) Koirao, (11) Koireng, (12) Kom, (13) Lamkang, (14) Mao, (15) Maram, (16) Maring, (17) Any Mizo tribe (Lushei), (18) Monsang, (19) Moyon, (20) Paite, (21) Purum, (22) Ralte, (23) Sema, (24) Simte, (25) Sahlte (Sukte), (26) Tangkhul, (27) Thadou, (28) Vaiphei, (29) Zou, (30) Kharam, (31) Tarao, (32) Poumai Naga, and (33) Any Kuki tribe. 

00-Manipur-tribes-map-names[Acknowledgement: The above facts and figures along with the graphical representations on the scheduled tribes of Manipur have been made available by the Librarian of Tribal Research Institute (TRI), Imphal.]


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