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Why Meitei Should Not Be Scheduled as Tribe

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By Kulajit Maisnam

Before the advent of the modern nation-state, it is known that the present geo-political entity Manipur was functionally based on material conditions centered around the fertile valley and the time to time covenants and treaties made with the Meitei Monarch and the various nationalities settled in the hills, and sometimes of dominance and subjugation making some of the nationalities to pay tribute to the Meitei monarch. And with the overpower of the entity by the British, the whole polity was restructured (the administrative division of Hills and Plains is attributed to the colonial intervention by many intellectuals) and became more exploitative to the population by introducing new ‘economics’. Subsequently, Manipur was overtaken by India with no radical and accommodative structural changes in the polity of the state.

Indeed, it is very saddening to witness a once sovereign Manipur, having been annexed by India begin to resemble the opening of a pandora box where myriads of issues and conflicts of all kinds has emerged both vertically and horizontally. The horizontal conflict need not be necessarily and solely be attributed to the act of annexation by India but the annexation has cut short the organic process of a democratic nation-state formation which is supposed to be inhabited by numerous nationalities. We have been besieged by a concrete political framework which only yield majoritarianism and nothing else, a quasi-federation (as some Indian intellectuals defines) which operates on population logic; thus establishing a power matrix where Meiteis became the ‘dominant’ politically with the maximum seats in the state assembly. Even though the highlands have been scheduled as tribal areas, the autonomy given to them has been minimal. Hence the expressions and aspirations of the highlanders became marginal. This very same matrix applies to the Meiteis in relation to the mainland Indians if we look at the larger polity of Indian Union, Meitei which is a ‘dominant’ community in Manipur is a microscopic nationality situated politically within the Indian Union. Thus this power matrix is systematically filtered down to the village level polity creating a string of hegemonic and heretical political expressions and practices. Apart from political dominance, the Meiteis has been the ‘mainstream’ and has the sense of ‘superiority’ socially. With the advent of Hinduism, and the practice of casteism, othering of the highlanders has been rampant and continues till today (the terminology ‘hao’ finds its place derogatorily in the lexicon of the Meitei society till today both openly and insidiously). So with these socio-political processes, Meiteis became the dominating group in Manipur socially, politically and thus has been one of the major factors of hill-valley conflict which ails Manipur. This power matrix has been operational in the day to day lived experiences of the citizens of Manipur, in polity, economy and social interactions which have yielded an unequal valley centric socio-economic development.

Today the fertile valley of Manipur, home to the Meiteis, has been under a tremendous demographic changes wherein Meiteis faces the ‘existential’ crisis. A fear-psychosis has been shared among the populace that Meiteis will become minority in their own land as there is no regulatory mechanism to regulate the unabated migration from other parts of India. Thus to defend the population, there has been popular movements to monitor and regulate the demographic changes and land tenures. The recent move to introduce Inner Line Permit System (ILPS) initiated in the valley spearheaded by Joint Committee on Inner Line Permit System (JCILPS) is one such assertions urging to protect the ‘indigenous’ people of Manipur, which ended up in an unprecedented opposition from the highlanders. It was perceived as another move by the majority Meiteis to ‘encroach’ upon territory of the highlands which the Meiteis does not traditionally own, and are owned in a different manner by the highlanders, and delegitimising the citizenship of the highlanders. Till today nine dead bodies remain unburied in Churachandpur signifying the opposition and resistance.

In midst of this turmoil, there has been another parallel move by few sections of Meiteis to schedule Meiteis as tribe under the Constitution of India spearheaded by Scheduled Tribe Demand Committee (STDC). The protagonists comprising of ex-servicemen, bureaucrats etc. claims that by scheduling Meiteis as tribes, the land, the people and its ‘unique’ ‘glorious’ culture will be constitutionally ‘protected’.  And there are ‘freebies’ attached: such as reservation policies, development funds etc. It is being argued that in the present ‘political scenario’ tribal status will be far ‘lucrative’ and ‘feasible’ to achieve and ‘protect’ the Meiteis as compared to the present Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill (PMP) 2015 and three other supplementary bills which is lying in President of India’s table. Even claims have been made to the extent that if Meiteis are scheduled as tribes and at the same time if 2015 bills turns into reality, these combination will complement each other and ‘strengthen’ the ‘protection’ provided to the Meiteis. No doubt the valley needs to be ‘protected’ and ‘regulated’ but the concern here is the possible negative dynamics within the Meitei society (yes within the Meitei society) and in relation to the highlanders if Meiteis are scheduled as tribes. I have a strong conviction that granting of tribal status will be perceived as more ‘deadly’ than the ILPS by the highlanders, as it has components of job and educational reservation and of course there is always the apprehension of structural territorial ‘encroachment’ which we have also seen in the case of ILPS bills (though the three bills are ‘debatable’, the politics surrounding the three bills has to be analysed in relation to the geo-politics of the state and is beyond the preview of this write-up)

No doubt the scheduling of Meiteis as tribe is ‘legit’ within the bounds of the Indian Constitution and there is no concrete definition of tribe, rather it is conceptualised as comprising of various parameters which has been changing from time to time within the contours of the socio-political context. So any community falling under those parameters can legitimately claim the status and enjoy the constitutional provisions. But why claim this ‘legit’ demand which will yield a possible catastrophe in the State and further strengthen the hill-valley dichotomy? For this very reason the present move needs a serious scrutiny by dissecting the movement itself and engaging with the possible ramifications. So herein the line of argument opposing the move will be not on the thesis of Meiteis crossing the stage of ‘tribe’ guided by the Social Darwinism which projects a linear development of society, as sometimes such arguments succumbs to labelling the contemporary tribes as non-contemporary stuck in a particular stage of societal evolution, static, or in other words ‘denial of coevalness’ in the words of Johannes Fabian; hence requiring ‘mainstreaming’. Rather my arguments will be more on dissecting the movement and the ‘promises’ espoused by the Demand Committee and the grounds for possible conflict among the various communities in Manipur and even among the Meiteis.

The Movement is premised on three core ‘promises’: Peace, harmony and equality among the communities (undoing the constitutional division is the loose phrase the demand committee is using in achieving the said ‘promise’) especially the highlanders and Meiteis; freebies and job opportunities in state services; protection of land and culture of the ‘unprotected’ Meiteis. First we need to identify these group of Meiteis who are demanding tribal status. The movement has been spearheading from the beginning by the ‘creamy’ section of the Meitei society who are well established comparatively and largely Imphalites. They include Ex-Army Men, retired Bureaucrats etc. Interestingly they are the propertied middle class unlike the standard sociological understanding of ‘middle class’ possessing feudal characteristics and mannerisms. Their sudden interest in ST status is quite intriguing. It has also been said that claiming ST status is a ‘temporary’ ‘arrangement’ until Manipur determines its destiny by its own and develop a mutually respecting polity among the nationalities residing inside the state. Anyway the issue here is the proposed ‘temporary’ solution and its ‘temporary’ ramifications in the state. I have left with no other understanding than saying that these section of Meiteis ‘for the time being’ sees the ‘creamy layer’ concept in affirmative action policies of India a road block for their ‘progress’ as I very much convinced that their ‘promises’ are mere rethorics; cannot be operationalised within the larger political economy and the geo-politics of the state.

Creamy layer concept is applicable to the Other Backward Classes (OBC) identified by the government of India, which any Meitei can be listed and many do hold the certificate. The creamy layer refers to the relatively wealthier and better educated members of the OBCs who are ‘not eligible’ for government sponsored educational and professional benefit programs. And this concept is not there for the affirmative action related to Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) (at the state level there are segregations within ST and SC depending on depending on the socio-economic situations of the scheduled population). Thus the ‘creamy’ section of the Meitei society is not ‘eligible’ for certain aspects of affirmative action in India. Now if one has to escape this, the only option left is to move to scheduling as Tribal as Scheduled Caste categorisation adopts a different Episteme. Their issues with this concept of creamy layer already been expressed in public domains and is quite derogatory and beyond the idea of social justice.

Affirmative action or reservation system otherwise has long history in India tracing it to the colonial times where certain ‘depressed class’ were given quotas in Jobs and Education to increase the opportunities for enhanced social, educational and economic status of the underprivileged communities to make in par with the ‘mainstream’ (many intellects still claims that Britishers have liberated the depressed class from certain practices of caste). In Manipur Meiteis are the ‘mainstream’. Again on the other side Biharis, Bengalis, Malayalis etc are the mainstream in relation to Meiteis. And within these nationalities are class/caste and other form of disadvantages etc. so you have affirmative actions at the central level and state level; filtering it down to the grass root. If the state of Manipur is declared as a tribal state, we can have a contextualised affirmative actions (‘quota within a quota’ as expressed by the Demand Committee). Now the fact of the matter is that, and which I am trying to make is that the state level affirmative actions will not be that ‘lucrative’ considering the number and frequency of the state government job opportunities (this the Demand Committee knows). Currently Even the few jobs the state has, is being ‘sold’ to the ‘creamy’ section of the society which have enough ‘capacity’ to ‘buy’. Whether one is scheduled as tribe of not it hardly matters in Manipur the creamy sections become creamier. So majority of the people who cannot afford to ‘buy’ jobs in Manipur moves to central services. Here in the opportunities of central services lies the issue of distributive justice when you do not have the concept of creamy layer or ‘quota within quota’ in reservations for ST. wherein meritocracy within the ST population will hijack social justice. It will also disturb the existing status quo among the Meiteis who are already clubbed as OBCs and SCs, which has somehow maintaining an equilibrium in quota distribution. The ‘creamy’ Meiteis which has the capacity to send their wards to fancy elitist private schools, tuition/coaching centers etc. will swallow the available opportunities at the maximum in central services and central sponsored educational institutes as they possess the ‘eligibility’ and ‘merit’. One may justify meritocracy being the best method to exercise one’s ability to its full potential leading to the best outcomes. But who are these meritorious people? Who decides merit? Is there any standard method to access one’s ability and merit? These are pertinent questions that need serious attention and examination. The so called ‘meritorious’ people has been the creamy Meiteis in Manipur. See the data of the last ten years who has been in the top ten list of the State’s secondary and higher secondary exams. How many are highlanders? And if one delves further, these ‘meritorious’ students will always be from the well to do Meitei families. In the history of Manipur among the Meiteis in the last ten years how many ‘meritorious’ students have come up who are the child of daily waged labourers? If this is the situation within the Meiteis, does the Demand Committee has any idea what will be the situation in relation to highlanders who are the ‘periphery’, when all the facilities and resources (health, education etc.) are centered around Imphal? Those who have the ‘access’ will be of course become the ‘meritorious’. Meiteis will be ‘meritorious’ when you make Meitei language the ‘official’ and the medium of instruction in educational institutes starting from primary education. How many schools are there in the highland villages which uses their own mother tongue as medium of instruction? If it exists, how many teachers are there who are from that village speaking the local dialect? Imagine a child has to learn a foreign language and at the same time learn ‘modern knowledge’ to be ‘eligible’ for jobs. Is it not another road block to become ‘meritorious’? When you have so much of socio-economic disparities between hills and plains and discriminatory policies from top till the grassroot itself how can one justify meritocracy? Meritocracy will breed elitism, class antagonism. The move by the demand committee is a tight slap to the idea of social justice considering the current political economy of the State. When there is no equity how can you talk of equality?

The Demand Committee asserts that Meiteis will ‘control’ India if scheduled as Tribe. The Committee needs a serious understanding of what is bureaucracy and where it figures out in the polity of a nation-state. The move is not going to ‘control’ India by the ‘Meiteis’ (ironically the Demand Committee whose aim is to establish ‘equality’ among the citizens of Manipur does not celebrate presence of highlanders in Indian bureaucracy or even at the state level) by penetrating into bureaucracy, rather it is going to reinforce and strengthen hegemonic ‘control’ over highlanders by Meiteis (the inequitable share in state assembly and bureaucracy will be self-evident). By which the Demand committee is solely responsible, not the larger Meitei society. For the very greed of these few Meitei who wants to pave a ‘smooth’ ‘career’ path for their already ‘meritorious’ child, these Meitei elites are putting the state into another turmoil rather than mending hill-valley differences and antagonism by whitewashing the mass with unrealistic ‘promises’, hence the ‘promises’ needs a serious observation.

Hill-Valley divide will go away if Manipur is declared as tribal state has been the most ‘catchy’ promise made by the Demand Committee. The claim has no objectivity in itself. It seems that the Committee has no serious clue of what divides the hill and valley and which divide they are going to bridge and how. Does it mean in the social sense or the political sense?  Or in a geographical sense? If it is in the geographical sense, are you going to elevate the valley to make it into mountains? Or flatten the mountains to turn it into a valley? Which will be more cost effective I leave it to the Committee. Let’s pick up the social ‘differences’ and ‘divisions’, affirmative actions are meant for socio-economic upliftment of the ‘disadvantaged’ not to push them further into fringes. Meiteis who take pride in their 2000 old ‘civilisation’, might be the ‘disadvantaged’ in relation to mainland Indians but the Demand Committee must remember the highlanders are more ‘disadvantaged’ in relation to the mainland Indians and in relation to Meiteis. These highlanders are historically socially ‘outcasted’, ‘orchestrated’ for being non hindu by the Meiteis. Even some of them were brought into the valley as slaves to the Monarch. The genesis of heretical discriminatory outlooks and practices might be because of the evilest religion on earth: Hinduism, but has become more of a day to day social practice where one has ingrained those discriminatory outlooks in the psyche of the larger Meitei populace. The hierarchy has been acquired from the long socio-historical process, constitutionally tagging Meiteis as ‘tribe’ will never wipe the identity of being a ‘Meitei’ and its social relations with the highlanders. You are still a Meitei to the highlanders, they will not look at you as one of them: a tribe, which is just a mere categorisation for political and administrative purposes in India. Even in the central India the ‘Scheduled as Tribe’ calls themselves and by others collectively as ‘adivasis’ and the perceived identities of the ‘self’ in relations to the ‘others’ does not fade away till today. What I am trying to say is that the acquired identity form a long socio-political process is not going to go away and at the same time, how the highlanders perceive Meiteis and how they attribute identitie(s) to the Meiteis is also from the same or parallely different long socio-political processes that Manipur has gone through till now, is not going to fade right away. This status quo cannot be easily challenged. And importantly cannot be challenged by Meitei merely scheduling as tribe. A social ‘mingling’ probably would.

When highlanders uplift their economic and professional status, Interestingly Meiteis do give respect of his/her new acquired status ‘outwardly’. But still in an ‘insidious’ way Meiteis still consider them ‘Hao Macha’. The etymology of the word ‘Hao’ might be very ‘neutral’ but what is important today is that the meaning has changed and attached to the word are immensely derogatory expressions. The Committee has no moral authority to attribute ‘neutrality’ to the term. What is morally legit is what the highlanders think, perceive and react when Meiteis call them Hao, Hao-Macha, Haothu etc etc. The propertied creamy section of the Meitei society with its feudalistic mindset does not want these ‘Hao-Macha’ to ‘command’ them in professional spaces, thus have the urge to become ‘commander’ which will satisfy their paternalistic egos. By swallowing up the professional opportunities of the highlanders the Committee is engineering a situation where the highlanders do not even get the ‘outward’ respect they enjoy.

What about the political division? The demand committee has not rolled out any such operational plans till now. Probably they do not have, or maybe they also know that by ST status there cannot be any democratic radical political restructuring apart form a coercive ‘unison’. Political division need not be removed by ‘unification’ but it can be addressed by distribution of power. The highlanders have been governing themselves within their own organic polity parallely with the ‘glorious’ two thousand years old Meitei ‘civilisation’. (Mind you having a 2000 written history does not mean that these highlanders are people without history. It is just a matter of how knowledge of the past is stored). And the then pre-colonial relation between them and the Meiteis is of truce and alliances and sometimes of subjugation. Now the anarchic arrangement of the geo-political region Manipur was dismantled by modern nation-state leading to a situation where even arrangement of a just federation is doubtful. I am more doubtful about the arrangement which can be made under a scheduled state looking into the demographic context of Manipur and the larger political framework of India.  If Administration is ‘unified’ the division will go away is the thesis the Demand Committee subscribes to of which the highlanders will fight tooth and nail. As mentioned in the beginning the political framework India has given to us breeds majoitainism (they regret Manipur having two members of parliaments but is blind to the same representation system in Manipur) without addressing these core issues there cannot be a cohesive Manipur ‘state’. The issues in Manipur are of unequal power sharing among the nationalities. When the hills are demanding more autonomy is committee is talking of ‘unified administration’?

Land has been central to hill valley conflict, particularly with the Chin-Kuki groups and Meiteis mainly because of the demographic arrangements between these two communities (what adjoins to the Meitei areas are the Chin-Kuki groups, which has its history of such demographic arrangements). The most contentious of all is the MLR and LR 1960 which has gone through many amendments, the latest being the seventh amendment bill in 2015 as part of ILPS which is pending and which has become the bone of contention among the highlanders especially the Chin-Kuki groups. The intentions of the state to bring a uniformity in distribution of land throughout the State has been vehemently opposed by the highlanders from the beginning owing to the differences in in the traditional land ownership pattern. What will be the arrangement of land relations under the proposed Tribal State? The arguments of geographically small but having the maximum population ratio valley, is accommodating the highlanders and is the opposite in highlands has been central to the ongoing debate. And Meiteis will be able to settle in highlands has been another ‘catchy’ promise if they are scheduled as tribe. A slight coercive move to have a ‘uniform’ land law will have a serious catastrophe. Uniformity in an heterogeneous society will be hegemonic and undemocratic. It is not the uniformity which is required but accepting and appreciating differences to build a harmonious and cohesive society. Remember Rome was not build on a day. Nation building is a process. It takes time, and has to build democratically not by coercion. One of the best ways to bring harmony and cohesiveness is establishing a kinship relationship of which I have a doubt that among the feudal chauvinist members of the Demand Committee there will be no one who will agree to inter community marriages, especially allowing their meritorious ‘daughters’ to marry a highlander (in a patrilineal setup incoming of women of different caste/tribe/race is comparatively accepted, which is also very minimal among the Meiteis). As in the case of Indian caste system as inter caste marriage has been suggested to end caste system in India, and no affirmative actions has till now radically challenged the caste practice also. Inter community marriage is one good way as compared to ‘ST status’ to bring the so called ‘emotional integrity’.

Coming to the point of ‘protecting’ Meitei Land, from whom the Meitei land is going to be protected? From the highlanders? Or from the ‘encroachment’ by the Maynags? Protection of land by the constitution of India is a deceit. There is enough constitutional ‘leeway’ to grab land and resources. Unfortunately, the most plundered areas have been the scheduled tribe areas of India. Both in scheduled tribe status and Protection of Manipur People’s Bill 2015 the land and resources cannot be protected from plundering in the name of ‘larger national interest’ (at least in PMP 2015 you have the provision of regulating migrants). Land and resource plundering is guided by the current political economy of India and rules/laws are set accordingly. Even looking into Manipur, the state is ‘borrowing’ to develop ‘infrastructure’ by displacing population (even in the hills). You borrow money to displace people is the new ‘development’. Who and how one will pay the debt? From whom again the fund is going to be collected to repay? Of course by downsizing of government sectors, and again who will suffer?  The only thing left one can seek is equitable share from exploitation of resources (never think this is going to happen in current political economy of India). You might get rid of the ‘shabby’ mayangs from Manipur but you cannot get rid of the suited and booted mayangs controlling the economy for whose the Union of India operates by becoming Scheduled Tribe or by just having a mere regulation like PMP 2015.

It is being said that The ILPS is rejected by the highlanders, yes it is true, but the prime question is when and where has the Highlanders endorsed the Meitei demand for ST? Let me forcefully reiterate again that the ‘promises’ made by the Demand Committee has no possibilities of institutionalising it in Manipur by Meiteis becoming ST or announcing Manipur as tribal state apart from the educational and professional opportunities to the few Meitei elite sections. The Demand Committee has not dealt properly with certain nuances and intricacies of their ‘promises’ nor rolled out a proper operational schemas and viability of their ‘promises’ which is mutually acceptable and agreeable to ‘everyone’ (which I am sure the committee does not have). Let us not fool our self by the rhetoric of these chauvinist. Our state, our society is being put into a colosseum by a few elite section of Meiteis for their greed, where Delhi will enjoy the scene, a spectre no one wants. The Pan-Manipur movement for democracy is beyond the ‘piecemeal solutions’.

160 COMMENTS

  1. Read so many comments. Well with 3/4 of the year in Bandh, blockade etc, how do you think we can compete with mainland india? We hardly have good internet connections in Manipur. Its the age of internet. More internet connectivity, more exposure to whats happening around the world. We cannot sit on the background of our history we have to see the current facts and figures. As for the tribals, we need to deal iron with iron. You think for the tribals but do the tribal ever think for the meiteis? How much does meitei suffer due to blockade called by tribals? The modern day tribals are no longer fools. First they have grab the hill areas and claimed it belong to them. Its high time we claimed back the lands. The land of Manipur belongs to the people of manipur be it meitei, pangal, kuki, naga etc. Becoming ST is the next step to claim our lands.

  2. Demanding ST from general is insane….If I’m not wrong Meiteis shouldn’t do this coz you are exposing our weakness to the whole world. This kind of act is what we call Selfishness. Meiteis are now jealous and want to crap Tribals quota. Why.??? what is the main issue? I heard that some parts of Meiteis are opposing this demand. Sorry if my comment makes you upset. No intention. Thanks

  3. Prodip Dad, I, hereby decree that you are banished from Kangleipak…. unlike you, we have the decency of not poking our nose into your home-state’s affairs. Your involvement in our affairs is meaningless. Stay away from us….

  4. Hoi… Bangla matro na…bejan bhasha Jane… aapna aukat kabhi mat bhoolna aur idhar udhar back back karneki aadat chhodo air chale jao tomar jaga

  5. Mr.Binod , I ‘m not weak in english .but your wrost Language to me, I ‘m very hurt.that ‘s not acceptable.one educated person can use these type of rubbies language which is unbeliveable.

  6. What are you trying to say? Please go back to school and relearn English. Till then, don’t use your sucking English here. And for gentleness go preach among your Bongali people

  7. Mr. Binod, you should use gentle language gentle words.I don’t say anything against your’s state.but you have used slang language to me.pls you should withdraw uncivilized language.I have no interested about your manipur state.thank you.

  8. Oh Bongali Baby is here…. o maago…. hetar marauni pua, we don’t need your wisdom you Dog kukurer pua Prodip Das. Go bark somewhere else

  9. Mr. CK Meitei, Every society ,Every community have chalak,good,bad and various quality feelings men and women. Why you blame only bangalee? This is not right .thank you.

  10. Mr. CK Meitei, Every society ,Every community have chalak,good,bad and various quality feelings men and women. Why you blame only bangalee? This is not right .thank you.

  11. Prodip Babu ! U R Almighty , U know everything , but U must remember ; the feeling of hatred amongst different community here in Manipur is because of the influence of shrewd pepole of Bengal & Orissa at our some foolish Meetei anchestors in name of relion ( Hinduism )

  12. Its seems that you know every in and out of Manipur, or it may be,jack of all but non of master,you bangalle chalak.

  13. It is your state own matter. But your state government can fill up this demand as meitei control administrative power more

  14. If you think that we are same than come and join for demanding the implementation of ILP in Manipur,action speaks louder than voice Mr.Prodip Das.

  15. We can speak gentley with you not attacking mode .not chalaki mode.bangalee hindu manipuri hindu same .we respect manipuri culture dance rus lila etc.etc.

  16. Mr.Prodip Das,you are quoting us as brothers and pinching us,don’t try to use your bangalee chalak,it is of no use,and for your kind information don’t poke at some others business, it is non of your business OK.

  17. YES WE R IN FRONT.CANT U SEE IN MANIPUR?WE R INFRONT OF POLICE GUN ,LATHEE N ………..DONOT INTERFERE.WE R NOT GOING TO KIL UR PEOPLE.WE R IMPLEMENTING ONLY.It doesnot mean to chop ur people or shoot them

  18. PRODIP DAS-NO NEED TO B SURPRISE.U MUST GET DOUBLE SHOCK.DONOT INTERFERE IN OUR MATTER.WE R MEITEI-WE WIL EAT GRASS BUT WE WIL NOT COMPROMISE WIT OUR MOTHERLAND.U DONOT KNOW THAT ,WE R MANIPURI.KINDLY JOIN OTHER GROUP .KINDLY GET LOST OR TELL ME-DO U STAY IN MANIPUR?

  19. Mr K L Rk, I am surprised to see your attacking style comments to mainland india’s people. Pls give respect others speaking people not hate them.thank you

  20. I SAY PROUDLY-I M FOR ILP.I DONOT CARE.I HAV STUDIED DEEPLY.THE ASSAMESH R SUFFERING.our naga brother want to kick nonlocal but they r confused.But we wil not.we r meitei.meitei kok jam tonghan ba nee.othr may say, KRISHTA LUKE R.K . IS EGOISTIC N MAD BUT MY PEOPLE WIL NOT.BEING AN R.K.(NINGTHEM MACHA)I M TAKING THIS RISK OPENLY.

  21. I SAY PROUDLY-I M FOR ILP.I DONOT CARE.I HAV STUDIED DEEPLY.THE ASSAMESH R SUFFERING.our naga brother want to kick nonlocal but they r confused.But we wil not.we r meitei.meitei kok jam tonghan ba nee.othr may say, KRISHTA LUKE R.K . IS EGOISTIC N MAD BUT MY PEOPLE WIL NOT.BEING AN R.K.(NINGTHEM MACHA)I M TAKING THIS RISK OPENLY.

  22. WHER IS THAT MAYANG MACHA? TEACHING ME HINDUISM. MANIPURI WERE NT HINDU B4 . Anybody,can u prov me tht manipuri were hindu? mr das, u r da father of divide n rule.HINDU MAY B OLD BUT BUDHA LEFT IT.CHRISTANITY IS ONLY 2000 YEARS BUT IT HAS BEAT UR RELIGION.MIND U-WE MANIPURI WERE NT HINDU.I DONOT HATE HINDUISM BUT I M PUTTING DA FACT.WHAT WE HAV GT 4M HINDU N OUR OLD RELIGION?FROM OUR OLD RELIGION WE GT OUR CULTURE,OUR PRIDE N ….FROM HINDUISM,WE GOT THIS -“O WE WERE FOOL BY SHANTI DAS”O ,MY GOD.HE USE CHEMICAL TO INFLUENCE OUR KING
    HE WAS A CROOK.

  23. WHER IS THAT MAYANG MACHA? TEACHING ME HINDUISM. MANIPURI WERE NT HINDU B4 . Anybody,can u prov me tht manipuri were hindu? mr das, u r da father of divide n rule.HINDU MAY B OLD BUT BUDHA LEFT IT.CHRISTANITY IS ONLY 2000 YEARS BUT IT HAS BEAT UR RELIGION.MIND U-WE MANIPURI WERE NT HINDU.I DONOT HATE HINDUISM BUT I M PUTTING DA FACT.WHAT WE HAV GT 4M HINDU N OUR OLD RELIGION?FROM OUR OLD RELIGION WE GT OUR CULTURE,OUR PRIDE N ….FROM HINDUISM,WE GOT THIS -“O WE WERE FOOL BY SHANTI DAS”O ,MY GOD.HE USE CHEMICAL TO INFLUENCE OUR KING
    HE WAS A CROOK.

  24. HEY MARUP SINGH,MAYANG SINGH SAY FAJANA CHAKHARO HI RA SU CHAT TAY.KHUPAK THARA SU CHAT TAY.BACK KIK PE RA SU CHAT TAY.GRENADE LANG JHAL SU CHAT TAY.JAM NUNGSHE JA NE MANIPUR SAY.

  25. HEY MARUP SINGH,MAYANG SINGH SAY FAJANA CHAKHARO HI RA SU CHAT TAY.KHUPAK THARA SU CHAT TAY.BACK KIK PE RA SU CHAT TAY.GRENADE LANG JHAL SU CHAT TAY.JAM NUNGSHE JA NE MANIPUR SAY.

  26. mr prodip,who r u 2 teach me?what is comunal?u bengale r advance my foot.compare ur calcutta n manipur in ratio n population.we r v smal.now see our sports player,author, poet n …..da british came to ur place so u got al da oportunity.u must thanks da british

  27. mr prodip,who r u 2 teach me?what is comunal?u bengale r advance my foot.compare ur calcutta n manipur in ratio n population.we r v smal.now see our sports player,author, poet n …..da british came to ur place so u got al da oportunity.u must thanks da british

  28. mr prodip das.shakthu mayang.ur shantee das came to manipur.he converted us n he destroyed our culture too.da british try to expand christanity but did not destroy hinduism.they gav life to gita,vedas n so on.u see da british.u destroyed our script too.what a dog.

  29. mr prodip das.shakthu mayang.ur shantee das came to manipur.he converted us n he destroyed our culture too.da british try to expand christanity but did not destroy hinduism.they gav life to gita,vedas n so on.u see da british.u destroyed our script too.what a dog.

  30. Mr.Pompous, as by your saying it has already been proven that, the supporters of STDC’s mindsets and skills are in backward position so, we really deserved to protect our mindless community by implementing ST tag upon us.

  31. Mr.Prodip Das, What is the use of being the oldest religion?? Bengali are very advance so what, they want to rob Manipur again and again but unlike begone days it will be difficult as the people of Manipur now realize and know how to defend them self from intruders and so called Bangalee.We won’t make another mistake at the hand of Bangalee.

  32. Mr .K L Rk your comments are communal.Bangalee are very advance every side .I seem you dislike hindu relegion.remember hindu relegion is oldest relagion in the world.change your communal attitude.thank you

  33. THIS IS A FACT-DA BENGALEE PANDIT DESTROYED OUR RELIGION.NOW THIS MAYANG R STEALING OUR INCOME.THE THIRD IS-CHINGMEE WANT NAGALIM.KUKI WANT KUKI LAND.TOMOROW,THEY WIL RAPE OUR OWN SIS N MOTHER.

  34. Don’t preach Mr Scholar. Your nation state is yours but you cannot distort our heritage its time to pack up now because the damage has been already done by your hordes. Pliz don’t take this old saying that “meekok 64 na ngaakhaa sngpai ama yorker sumbnda sudtlrneyeh”

  35. Learnt lots from different comments, but my comment is … go forward ur mindsets in positive way.. but not backward position. Learn d world ..not a small ball, earn with ur skills but not with ur backward mindless skills, keep d status in high.

  36. WE R GENERAL IN NAME.AIKHOI CHaNA BA LAITA NA RICKSHA THOWREE.AIKHOI CHANABA LAITA NA AK-47 PIREE.Obc,st na gharee da koiree.Karee general no.parman sarman pamday.GENERAL NA KARE GR NO AK -47 PIRESAY?WA LOIRAY.CHINGMEE NA THABAK FANGBA.CHINGMEE NA NAGALIM SHANING BA

  37. India constitution ibiramba dr ambedkar na quota system karigidamak thambirambno? Masamak sc ni…karigumba Dr ambedkar si ngasigi yetpa kanba meitei cha singsidagi ama oiramba thokladi,warise asumna oirambasu yai…”eina sc ama oina waana ihei tamlaga,eingonda upper caste society na hanthana yengbirasu ngasidi ei chaoraba Bharat ki constitution ire.maram aduna eina sc/st pumnamaki example ama oina atopa community singdagi hanthaba thaakta LEITE hybado utle,aduna quota system darkar OIDE…”…adubu achumba dr ambedkar wakhaldi ngasi miyamna ubiriba asini

  38. Enough of such virtual Pandits…! Come forward and join the debate in a suitable forum. Stale ideas bereft of reality…

  39. Enough of such virtual Pandits…! Come forward and join the debate in a suitable forum. Stale ideas bereft of reality…

  40. Yaroi chara helaga dignity ngakpa…prostitute oiriba beggar oirise dignity sukhang khangdaba mi sing nate..nongmagi chara taanba mi amana isagi inaat kanjanaba numit kayani kaithokpa ngamgani?chara toina henjilaklaba mi amana masamakna leiriba ingkhol do peisa hena piba ngamba mayaang da yonba hybase masana taaba natra?economic angle dagi yengbasi toklaga…amuk…India gi constitution da st/sc safeguard natana atopa community based oiba safeguard toubagi provision di thengnade…India govt gi policy khudingmak majority community singgi yenglaga sembanina eikhoidi khara leiraga mutlani…eikhoi gi culture budi ras lila,thaang-ta hyraga leihourasu…

  41. Yaroi chara helaga dignity ngakpa…prostitute oiriba beggar oirise dignity sukhang khangdaba mi sing nate..nongmagi chara taanba mi amana isagi inaat kanjanaba numit kayani kaithokpa ngamgani?chara toina henjilaklaba mi amana masamakna leiriba ingkhol do peisa hena piba ngamba mayaang da yonba hybase masana taaba natra?economic angle dagi yengbasi toklaga…amuk…India gi constitution da st/sc safeguard natana atopa community based oiba safeguard toubagi provision di thengnade…India govt gi policy khudingmak majority community singgi yenglaga sembanina eikhoidi khara leiraga mutlani…eikhoi gi culture budi ras lila,thaang-ta hyraga leihourasu…

  42. puk thallaga wakhal thokkadabane meitei machase economically sathina sothare haibashe khangnashe .develope oige hairadi ego kannade. general oiraga thbak taupham leitarakanda chaninggai leitrakanda dignity charaga hing yaponte.

  43. haujik 21st century ni menai mapu chap mannare dignity gi warisu toklasi. st rishang, st shaiza na manipur panbada dignity leiba mee amata thoklakaga low cast ki makhada leiroi eikhoi high class ni kanamta haikhiba leite. us President obama minaigi machani. wakhal chauthokse.noi2 na gaikhanggam,rishang dagi cenna civilized oiponte.

  44. Yengbda asukkee mtik nungaiba kumhei anneerk soonaa oorrroi khllubda wajei mrmdee Manipur gee mee myaamsee meitei khkta nttey kaanglup 40 gee mthkta leiree adubu yelhou nttna Nepali, telee haireebaa kaangbu aneesee Schedule tribe taa yaoree aduga meitei n meitei aneeseedee yelhou mee oermdrey awaangbaa thaktaa leibaa mee oejreengeidas Mandal commission na VP Singh gee mtmda OBC daa thmbeermley mtmduda OBC chnbeebtaa nttna huraanbaa myaamnaa banktgee loubaa loan singbaa ngmna ngmna singbaa ngmdbaa saabaa meebhao loan waive touthokpeermmee . mduddee knasu yettey houjik su yetpeedna adum OBC quota huraallgaa lower income lounnree mseedaa revenue authoritynasu adum yaabee creamy layerdaa Gazatet officer myaam yaoree thigtlurbdee fjna sokkdbaa yaoree aduga houjik Lmgee mpu oehoujnba ST on see haidna OBC quota da thbk chnglga fmjao paibsingna dryyet yetlee msee touheidey khoidou saogtlktuna dhoraa huraanbbhao hairkldee waakhl taameensee kkaa haidna toubeerkkneesey. Dryyet nkhoibo meeraa keinoro

    • Mseeda Nepali n Telee by ST da yaowee haireebsee soikheebnee mkhoidee SC listtaa chllee haigdbnee soikheebaa aseegeedmk ngaakpeegnee

    • Mseeda Nepali n Telee by ST da yaowee haireebsee soikheebnee mkhoidee SC listtaa chllee haigdbnee soikheebaa aseegeedmk ngaakpeegnee

  45. List ama semba phei mathungda yettanaba kana kana ST oeibase pamdabasing,haujikti thak wangbagi wa yam ngangba singse matungdasu adum yetlakhigani,”they are thorn at the neck”.

  46. eikhoina general ni haigarabashu houjik eikhoi meitei si OBC class ta lei haibashi kaobagum toure tunggi generation gi yengduna eikhoi scheduled tribe oibana fagani natrabadi eikhoina awang ba thakni khanlingeida mutpana hanlani……………………….

  47. Some peoples are leading among us in complex situation , but plz don’t go that way u should maintain ur dignity. If u lose ur dignity.. u r nowhere & nothing because we r living for that matter in this world. Some guys misleading us by proving foods& many cases, but today’s foods we’r eating.. its all eastern world’s foods similar to all Mongoloid people. So plz stop misleading d people … as we the academicians all know. U’ll be a General people but not as a tribe. (Plz analyse past history that’ll give u idea)

  48. As per d past history, legally there was 16 clans of Ningthouja dynasty in Manipur & before that also different kings as mentioned by d historians. It’s proved that We got our status high from the very beginning past history. We should maintain our dignity very high but plz don’t compromise our dignity of Manipuries.

  49. Eikhoosi St da leijrge…ntrga hangi leifm st obc oirigido thingido duda…aduga chokhtpa tnsi..st oina pmba mkhei Delhi da hongkhro …

  50. At the of Ms. Indira Gandhi, there was question on whether all the Manipur would be considered as ST. But some-ego headed ministers ……………

  51. ST is not a new demand we are demanding only the restoration of what we had earlier prior to 1949. As per record census report 1891, 1901 and 1931 depict meites as scheduled tribes. So, instead of pulling our each other, its a matter of fact that we were tribals wether you want it or not, fellow folks!

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  53. Pea epuna samu loiramena thouna kolga leibne meoi kharacna pamlece thok2 pa ngta ngangnadoune eikhoi machel pangyeta yetnadoune loirakpdade phaja

  54. Articles asida iriba creamy layer da leiba meitei sing hyrisibo kana kanano? Peisa paiba yengaga hyrira nagraga intellectual level yengaga hyrira? Animakga oiba hyragadi Manipur da meitei lac khrasigi manungda imung 100 faramgadra? Muna khanbiyu peisadi lalhouba samnaba, vote kaba thikka toubasingna paibani. Intellectual levelda yengadi houjik meitei kaya India gi naming leiba bureaucrat kaya leirage? Rk dinesh na 11 amasung Diana na24 rank ta yaowi hyrakanu, makhoindi chumnagi entry level exam pass toubada ngairi makhaoigi full talent ado miyamda pidri…aduga ngasigi trend asida adum leiradi makhoigi hei singbado 100% piramdana adum loikhragani…support ama darkar oi makhoida..not by people in torch rally,but by more bureaucrats.eina hyjarise practically atomic level gi wani….India gi part ama oina leise hyradi…houjik leiriba tribe singsu I AS,IPS yam oiraksanu meiteisu oisi puna kanaminasi…Manipur mapan hek youbaga ironba ngari metlaga chaminaba ngaktani..practically speaking…manipur se yam pikpani 1 billion da eikhoigi 0.22 %mukta oibani meitei khaktadi kaya oiramani adudi?

    • Nngna pammido yaninge adubu practically it’s tough job,,, dialogue , debate, discussion kaya touraba matungda amagisu faba amagisu faba ama purakkadbni natragadi chafu uyan mirang thangni haijriba…

    • Akhoisu support touwe adubu pamme haina akhoi masel hatna sunabdi fattena haibgi wani,, let’s wait intellectuals will bring a better peaceful solution….

    • Meitei masel ani thokpi tok asi….eikhoi yam saangna ubadi ngamoi….hybadi meitei na India dagi ningtamba taanbada(mayamna pamadi hyjabani) eikhoise st oiradi eikhoi claim mapanggal songani hyradi wari ama oire….adunatana chingmi singgi yengba oiradi meiteina st oirasu Manipur state ki context ta tonganba makhoigi quota thamba yai na…India gi oina yenguradi makhoina pakhatningai karimta leite eikhoina st oibada…
      Houjik makhoina yetlisidi meitei kanakhidoure khanbagi kalakpaduni….meitei cha sing khangbiyu politics ti moina henbaniko…greater nagaland se eikhoina 2000 adai kabak kabak tanarakpani,makhoigi plan di late 80’s tagi houkhibaniko..

    • Nonglei Moirangcha gi mathakki opinion sida eina pamba ama yaore “chingmi singgi yengba oiradi meiteina st oirasu Manipur state ki context ta tonganba makhoigi quota thamba yai na..” masigi wafamsi JCILP gi demand da haptrifao and makhoibu convince toudrifaodi makhoi su keisu hlloi…it means there is almost sure of bloodshed between meiteis and chingmees…..m absolutely against this

    • Eg amta pijagey,, akhoi lawaidadi ingkhol lam loubuk machin manaoda yennabse ima ipana amagi faba amagidgisu hennadba chap manabagi mawongda ahansingna yenbiye,, asonbda lam khara henna piba natraga afaba Lou piba haibnchingba system ama chatnei,, masi ayamba imungini aduga machin manaosingsu asum yai,, hoi exception oiba case to adum lei…. Aduna sarkarna/ leader singna dialogue, debate discussion toubiraga afaba ama purakpdo akhoi yam pamme,,, chingmi Tammi hatna sunabgi chance piroidbni haibse eigi mot/ apambne…

    • Toubadi meitei eikhoina touba thabakse hana ihou sagatlaga kona khana-neinaba touwi…adudagi iraang houba adum taaba…hana discussion touraga miyamda aim, lalong na karino do khanghaladi fagadouni

    • Intellectual singna discussion, debate, dialogue kaya touduna afaba solution ama pubirakpa fagani,, leibak irang houraga mangjabse leiriba praja khakta oini, sen paiba inak khunba singdi moigi oijnaba kananaba upai ama asum thikhini,, sen paidbsingidi kari upai lei asum wa khang lei tabne.. Just my thought

    • Personally eidi st oibana farabani khale eikhoise India gi system da leigadaba oiradi, reservation system sidi suk hong hongadaba maande…adubu within meiteis amadi chingmi gagi marakta leiriba yetnabasingsidi dialogue touraga provision khara hapchilaga yaanaba purakpana fei..

    • Hanna meitei ahansingna soire hai, yai, madu afaba mawongda chumthokpda kaiba leite, houjikanse population hengatlak ae, lairik heibsu helle ,, thabak fangdbgi changsu helle,, masi economically bridge toubidradi kamai touni,, houjikti misingse kari touraga magi magi hingba ngamna hotnasige haina khanaribni,,, irang thokladi kari oirakani haiba ngamde,, aduna intellectual / sarkar/ leader na chingmi tammigi afaba solution ama toubifam thok e haijninge…

    • Hoi akhoisu madu pamme karigino haibda St oiradi centre dagi fund henna fangbsu yaina.. Luribdi makhoi 60 se ni,, election madna asi touni ada touni hai, vote kakhradi masakfao uba fangde ,,, ngaiba kanbiyo hotnba kanbiyo afaba asum lakkani….

    • General status ta eise thabk macha ama fangjare central gi…kaya wana fangi…aduga dept asidasu eikhoi NE gi Manipur gi mi yam na yaoba darkar oiramle eikhoina ithing thokna thabak touge hyradi…I have seen many of us are used as scape goats.aduna meitei oigera hao oigera yamhalase sini

  55. I AM ALSO A WRITER.MY BOOK IS ACCEPTED BY IDEAPUBISHER DELHI BUT I WANT ST OTHERWISe WE MANIPURI WIL BE EATEN BY ALL DA CHINGMEE.WHO WANT TO B GENERAL,LET THEM BE.U SEE OUR CONDITION NOW.

  56. houjikki akhoigi fibm sida leiradi,in 10/20 years there wont be a single opportunity for us .. adu khnthaba ngamdbro,,….nagalandda tongan tonganba community leiri .. chap mannana yenge… assamda leiriba boro mising yammini st oiri…. ecam chamna hairabda akhoi gi general oriba meitei gi status ka assam da leiriba genral status ka, delhida leiba general stauts ka manaraba,

  57. akhoi masel amana touba demandda amana yetlibc .. karigino….. houjik akhoigi khudong chaba kyam fangage ……manipur khaktdaa yengo…. reserve quota louthokaga , unreserve cda akhoi msel meitei, houjik oiriba st, sc, punna open dni unreserve cda leirise.. akhoi educationda yam chaokhtlabo.. …building awangba kar tongagag akhoi genral ne haiba yaroi….oiningba mina adum oijou ,,.. maichou sabdu toko…

  58. any body can be a general.. so Mr. writer…..if it is your motive to hold the position of general forever, then so be it… please dont bother our ST demands….. Don’t waste your valuable time on making such a long long essay…

  59. Lets demand that hills should be OBC and ST status should remove from India constitution and OBC which has been base on income and General status only this two should exist……..hahaha. haha this will be the best solution and ST status will remain politically only. AND according to Indian constitution all of Manipur should mould politically in one with at least one representation from every community and proportionately higher number from the larger community. That will be good lets demand this

  60. Lets demand that hills should be OBC and ST status should remove from India constitution and OBC which has been base on income and General status only this two should exist……..hahaha. haha this will be the best solution and ST status will remain politically only. AND according to Indian constitution all of Manipur should mould politically in one with at least one representation from every community and proportionately higher number from the larger community. That will be good lets demand this

  61. View point is not bad but please dont bring out problem what may lei ahead. Writer what solution do you suggest

  62. View point is not bad but please dont bring out problem what may lei ahead. Writer what solution do you suggest

  63. Dear writer if meitei does not demand anything what solution will it bring. CEASE FIRE IN MANIPUR VALLEY BY NSCN-IM OR SOUTH NAGALAND IN OWN VALLEY DISTRICTS. Yes meitei has been the dominance group, but thus that mean meitei should allow anyone/everyone to cut them to pieces and cut thier life lines, whenever wherever they want…

  64. Its my view on the topic, meitei ST status is must along with it Inter-caste marriage protecting and encouraging by the law of land, where the persons involve will never be questioned about thier right to settlement in hills or Valley.

  65. What a shameful demand…
    How Meitei can be ST? Funny.
    If Meetei want to be ST then why accepted as General…?
    Do you think this world is your world only? Selfish Meetei.

  66. Let the ST tag be granted upon meitei,those who are pompous let them remain as General.And I would like to know from the pompous meiteis who are against the demand of ST that what is the harm in demanding ST tag for Meitei??we are not seeking, we are demanding cos its our birth right.

  67. Knowledge should be used for welfare of the majority of people. Let’s see who is majority on the question of Meitei as ST.

  68. This kind of geopolitical entity have been their even in all the chingmee kaanglup also. Your opinion is highly respected but city state kee Saatin mkhaadaa eikhoi gee lmdmsee ningsingba thoktraba mtmdgee leirk EE haibseedee adomsu yaaree so I would like request you to adhered this point that LM leitbaa kaanglup tu myum leitbaa kaanglup kouwee aduna eikhoi Bedouin haibas meeoe kaangluptudee oejningdey adom waayet fjei yaamnaa thaagtchree toubtbu hingba amdee seebgee laanfmdaa eikhoi yum leitba meeoe kaanglup tee ntchdey aduga backing su leijdey.

  69. obc onbadadi kanamata yetnakhide haujikmak ei generalni ST onbada asuk yam yetnarise karigino. obc gum yetpagi mahutta ST pambana ST oikhisanu pamdaba Meena general adum oina leihou. karigino ashida wa yam ngangnarise. mee amagi apamba amana thingga u. ST oige oiyu or ge eral oige oiyu . sida wa loire keino . matam mangkhei yetnarishe yam nokninggi.ST oige haibabu yadabei wani haujik st amana general oirage st oijararoi haibada ma adum general oirea keino. yetkanba manipur yetta yadabadu toklo. nasha2 nadecide tou oige oiroi

    • Hayeng St ollaba natraga ondringeida hatna sunaba thoktanbgine,,, chingmi Tammi nungcnana leiminnanabagine,,, meitei Na pallise tampaktani akoibdi Ching ngaktani aduna chingmi singna yaningdbdgi maikei maridagi blockade touradi chafu uyandi Kong kang haaa kari haige bhai

    • adu oiradi ilp chingmina yadaba bill ne sishu tokladra. moina eikhoigi sukkhan khande haiba mayamna khanglabani eikhoina tusonnaraga adum leiba taragadi hayeng eikhoigi echa eshu kadaida leigani. chahi amada tribal echil enaona valleyda lam kayam leibage khallu. chahi 100gi matungda paisa paiba mee moi ngakta ngairani quotada loina moina loukhrani. meitei family planning tounei moi toude .matam aduda meiteina 20 % oibada moina 60% oini valley gi lamshu moigi ayambana oikhrani matamduda meenai douna leibana fabra natraga mitei na yamlingeishida hayenggi fibam semlambana fatra. moidi haujik faobadi yettridana

    • adu oiradi ilp chingmina yadaba bill ne sishu tokladra. moina eikhoigi sukkhan khande haiba mayamna khanglabani eikhoina tusonnaraga adum leiba taragadi hayeng eikhoigi echa eshu kadaida leigani. chahi amada tribal echil enaona valleyda lam kayam leibage khallu. chahi 100gi matungda paisa paiba mee moi ngakta ngairani quotada loina moina loukhrani. meitei family planning tounei moi toude .matam aduda meiteina 20 % oibada moina 60% oini valley gi lamshu moigi ayambana oikhrani matamduda meenai douna leibana fabra natraga mitei na yamlingeishida hayenggi fibam semlambana fatra. moidi haujik faobadi yettridana

    • Matamgi ahongbadi asum lakkani, , eina hainingese maximum equality of share of funds, reservation etc etc so that we live peacefully and then there ll be economic development,,, centre dagi fund thadarakpse lawai faoba youde,, chingdadi karam touramni amta khanbiyo,,, chingmigisu faba tamigisu faba framework ama tougdabne,, ngaiba kanbiyo intellectual mayam leiri afaba solution ama lakhini…..

    • eigi yum manakta tribàl khul mari lei moina eikhoina khallishe asumna khallamlagadi fagàdabani. moidi eikhoiga sukpun punningdabagum adum tawwi. mangda malhandrashu. moida echil enaogi wakhal suklei leite. amaromdana st demand commitee se i.phalda lei aduda intellect mayam adum khannaba unnaraga afa fatta tannaba yabadu amana amada amana amada meeting taubase nunggaijade .tribalna haraoramgani .gyan lausillamgani.

    • anyway lets hope for the best. and hope meitei community get through the very hard times we are facing…good night

  70. obc onbadadi kanamata yetnakhide haujikmak ei generalni ST onbada asuk yam yetnarise karigino. obc gum yetpagi mahutta ST pambana ST oikhisanu pamdaba Meena general adum oina leihou. karigino ashida wa yam ngangnarise. mee amagi apamba amana thingga u. ST oige oiyu or ge eral oige oiyu . sida wa loire keino . matam mangkhei yetnarishe yam nokninggi.ST oige haibabu yadabei wani haujik st amana general oirage st oijararoi haibada ma adum general oirea keino. yetkanba manipur yetta yadabadu toklo. nasha2 nadecide tou oige oiroi

  71. akhoi meiteise nongmadi chingdagi nung myam ama kintharaktna nanlaga cradbni… ntrgana loktak paat ki erolnungda … general oisii kei kandbdaa

  72. imphal city is the capital of india…. fougase machine ngaktnii cjinarisi.. .. industries na mrol ama…traffic kase digital ngaktni..neirabni. why souldn’t we proud of being a general..centre da akhoi mi ngaktna pallibni laik laisu heiraba myam ama puthoktunaa….

  73. tribal haibagi meaningse thainagi akhoigi wakhlondo ntte…masing yamjdba indigeneous people singse ..tribe ne haibda yai…

    • Nomads haibdudee mfm khudingdaa chtpaa yaabaa leibaa yaabaa kaangbunee adubu eikhoidee mfm amtda leibaa yaadey chtpsu yaadey lairik tmba nttraga thbk touba.

    • Uss loirehey… Nomad haidi magam amatada khundaduna leitaba mafam Hong hongduna chanaba leiba mafam yenduna chatpa meeoisingdubu nomadic tribe hsin koui… Mafam amada hekta chatpa yaba hairadi lalle

    • Uss loirehey… Nomad haidi magam amatada khundaduna leitaba mafam Hong hongduna chanaba leiba mafam yenduna chatpa meeoisingdubu nomadic tribe hsin koui… Mafam amada hekta chatpa yaba hairadi lalle

    • And the Pandus were a tribal race. The five Pandava brothers also married a tribal princess called Draupadi, the daughter of a tribal prince called Dhrupada. Bhima’s wife was a primitive tribal woman called Hidambi.

  74. just after we cross north east we are never ever treated with the dignity a general deserved. in india excepting us manipuries all Mongoloid are tribe. we are no descendants of aryans or dravidians or any indian general caste. it is only us who is claiming to be one. ive been to many states but i never got the respect a general deserved.i never got the chance to explain either. At this condition what shall we do. shall we go for our ego or what shall we do.. we must decide before its too late. MEET KHUBA NATON NAMBA EISHE TRIBE OINA INDIA GI MAPHAM KHUDINGMAKTA UI KARI KANN

    • I am also a Manipuri … I got every kind of respect wherever I go… I think you have encountered only I’ll people

    • i think you r not aware what happens in our capital itself … opening north east cell etc etc and the humiliation faced by north east ppl. in one year alone how many crimes happen to north east ppl. even arunachat cms son was not spared. we north east ppl are the same to them.

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